What is diabetes?

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, we suggest you learn more about the disease. Some people with this disease are prescribed: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/sustagen.

The International Diabetes Federation estimates that in 2015, one in 11 adults has diabetes, and almost half of them don’t even know they have the disease. So getting a diagnosis is the first and important step in controlling diabetes.

We understand that this news can be unexpected and possibly shocking. That’s why we’ve developed this resource with lots of useful information on how to live fully with diabetes. We’ll tell you how important it is to control your blood glucose levels and follow your doctor’s therapy recommendations, give you the basics of a healthy diet and examples of how to stay physically active and find the right kind of exercise, and how to take care of yourself to reduce your risk of developing complications.

Yes, lifestyle and habits will change with the disease, but no matter what – life goes on! Learning how to control diabetes is an important yet doable task to improve your health day by day. Remember that life is not a race or a competition. You just need to set yourself a goal to enjoy every day of life and move toward your goals: feeling good about yourself, success at work and a warm relationship at home.

What is the disease of diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which a person has elevated levels of glucose in the blood. This is because the body cannot produce insulin or cannot use the available insulin (the cells’ sensitivity to insulin is impaired).

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas; it is needed to transport glucose (sugar) from the blood into the cells of the body, which get energy from it. It is like a key that opens the cells to glucose. When insulin is insufficient (or completely absent) or when the body’s cells are immune to insulin, glucose remains in the blood. This is why diabetes is diagnosed when blood glucose levels are high.

Over time, high blood glucose levels (known as hyperglycemia) can cause damage to the body’s blood vessels and tissues, which in turn can lead to life-threatening complications and disability.

Type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. As a result, the body loses the ability to produce the insulin it needs. The causes of this type of diabetes are completely unknown and not fully understood. Diabetes occurs in people of all ages, but more often in children or adolescents. A person with diabetes cannot live without insulin – they get it from outside every day to control their blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes

Photograph of various diabetic tools and medicine.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is usually diagnosed in adults, but is increasingly common in children and adolescents. With type 2 diabetes, the body is able to produce insulin, and at the beginning of the disease, even in larger amounts than normal. The main defect in this type of diabetes is that cells do not feel insulin and do not open well in response to interaction with it, so glucose from the blood can not fully penetrate inside. Its level in the blood remains elevated1.

Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, many people with type 2 diabetes do not need to have insulin injections every day at all. For these people, controlling the disease includes primarily a balanced diet, daily physical activity, weight control and, if necessary, taking medications. Patients with type 2 diabetes can take tablets or injectable blood glucose-lowering drugs prescribed by their doctor.

Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels with a glucose meter is very important for diabetes mellitus. Often dangerous high blood sugar values cannot be felt.

With today’s OneTouch Select® Plus glucose meters, you can get accurate results quickly and easily. And color cues help you understand at a glance what the number on the screen means. The important thing to remember is that when a value is too low or too high, action must be taken to bring blood glucose levels back within the target range.